Tiaprofenic acid is a type of drug called a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). It works by stopping the production of compounds called prostaglandins in the body, which have a number of effects, including to cause inflammation.
As a result, tiaprofenic acid can help to reduce pain and inflammation by stopping the production of prostaglandins. This is why it is usually used to relieve painful inflammatory conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis.
Brand Names and Doses
Tiaprofenic acid is the generic name of the drug, which is the name of the active component that has an effect on your body. You may also know it better by the brand names, Surgam, which is the name of the medication given by each pharmaceutical company.
Surgam tablets are available is a single dose of 300 mg, which should be taken with food to reduce the risk of side effects while taking it.
What type of drug is it?
Tiaprofenic acid is a type of drug known as a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), which is a group of drugs that all work in a similar way. Other examples of NSAIDs include:
Tiaprofenic acid is a nonselective NSAID, which means that it blocks both COX-1 and COX-2 to stop the production of more types of prostaglandins than some other NSAIDs. This means that it is more likely to cause side effects due to the action of the other prostaglandins that is reduced.
How does Tiaprofenic acid work?
Tiaprofenic acid works by inhibiting COX-1 and COX-2, which are needed to produce the different prostaglandins in your body. You have many different types of prostaglandins in your body, and there are some in almost every tissue of your body. They each have different effects, such as to cause:
the tissues in your body to become inflamed
your blood vessels to relax and widen
the platelets in your blood to come together to form a clot
Tiaprofenic acid has a general effect on almost all the prostaglandins because it blocks both COX-1 and COX-2 from producing prostaglandins in your body. This means that it can reduce all of the usual effects prostaglandins. We want it to reduce inflammation because that is why we are using it, but it can also cause hypertension and affect the way the blood forms clots.
There are many different side effects that you may experience if you are taking tiaprofenic acid. These do not affect everyone, but it’s important to know what they are so that you can recognize them if you do notice them.
The side effects of tiaprofenic acid may include:
Bladder irritation or infection (cystitis)
This is not a complete list of side effects, but just some of the most common. Please see the tiaprofenic acid information leaflet for more detailed information.
Tiaprofenic acid can interact with many other medications when they are used in together, including:
These medications can often be used together, but your doctor should be aware that you are taking both medications so that they can adjust the dose as needed to ensure they are safe and effective.
There are some people who may need to avoid using tiaprofenic acid, or use it with caution, because they may be at risk of side effects due to the medication.
Peptic ulcers or GI bleeding:
Tiaprofenic acid is not usually used for people who have a history of gastrointestinal bleeding or peptic ulcers. This is because it can increase the risk of peptic ulcers or gastrointestinal bleeding. If it is required, a medication to help prevent gastrointestinal problems, such as esomeprazole or pantoprazole, is usually recommended as well.
Tiaprofenic acid may increase the risk of bleeding or thrombosis because the antiplatelet effect of the prostaglandins may be reduced.
Tiaprofenic acid may cause retention of sodium and fluid in the body, which can make hypertension and heart failure worse. It should not be used if you have heart failure, angina, peripheral artery disease or cerebrovascular disease.
Tiaprofenic acid may increase the risk of bronchospasm and cause symptoms of asthma to worsen. Some people with asthma can use them without any problems, but it is best to use a low dose and watch for signs of worsening asthma if you are using it for the first time.
Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD):
Tiaprofenic acid may cause symptoms of inflammatory bowel disease to get worse.
Tiaprofenic acid can cause renal impairment is some people, particularly when used in combination with some other medications. If you already have some renal impairment, an NSAID may not be the best choice for you.
Urinary tract or prostatic disease
Tiaprofenic acid can worse urinary tract or prostatic disease so if you are affected it is best to avoid this medication.
Pregnancy and Breastfeeding
Tiaprofenic acid is not usually recommended for women who are pregnant or trying to conceive. This is because it can interfere with fertility and the development of the fetus.
For women planning to become pregnant, it can prevent or delay ovulation, so that the woman is less likely to conceive. Additionally, using tiaprofenic acid during pregnancy, particularly at the time of conception, is linked to a higher risk of miscarriage. It may also cause other problems later on in the pregnancy and should be avoided.
For women who are breastfeeding, tiaprofenic acid is considered safe to use.